FANDOM


File:Flag of the Soviet Union.svg

The National Anthem of the Soviet Union (or Hymn, Template:Lang-ru, Gimn Sovetskovo Soyuza) replaced the Internationale as the national anthem on March 15, 1944. The lyrics were written by Sergey Mikhalkov (born 1913) in collaboration with G. El-Registan (1899-1945) and the music was composed by Alexander Alexandrov (1883-1946). It was believed that Soviet soldiers would respond more to an anthem that was dedicated only to the Soviet Union rather than to a worldwide movement. The song was originally written as the Anthem of the Bolshevik Party with lyrics in the Alexandrine meter by Vasily Lebedev-Kumach in 1939.

File:Sergey Mikhalkov May 2005.jpg

Stalin was originally mentioned in the lyrics; however, after his death in 1953 and the process of Destalinization, the lyrics referring to Stalin were unacceptable. From that time until 1977, the anthem was sung without lyrics. In 1977, Mikhalkov amended the lyrics to omit Stalin's name, and other changes were made (see below). The official name of the 1977 version was "The State Anthem of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" (Template:Lang-ru; Gosudarstvenny Gimn Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik).

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia adopted a new national anthem. In 2000, the old Soviet national anthem was re-adopted, with Mikhalkov writing new lyrics to represent Russia's new non-communist nature. See National Anthem of Russia.

Below are the Russian and the English versions of the lyrics; both can be sung to the music. The anthem also had official versions in the languages of every Soviet republic and in several other Soviet languages (see other language versions).

1977 version Edit

Official lyrics Edit

Russian Transliteration

1.

Союз нерушимый республик свободных
Сплотила навеки Великая Русь!
Да здравствует созданный волей народов
Единый, могучий Советский Союз!
ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Дружбы народов надёжный оплот!
Партия Ленина — сила народная
Нас к торжеству коммунизма ведёт!

2.

Сквозь грозы сияло нам солнце свободы,
И Ленин великий нам путь озарил:
На правое дело он поднял народы,
На труд и на подвиги нас вдохновил!
ПРИПЕВ

3.

В победе бессмертных идей коммунизма
Мы видим грядущее нашей страны,
И Красному знамени славной Отчизны
Мы будем всегда беззаветно верны!
ПРИПЕВ

1.

Soyuz nerushimy respublik svobodnykh
Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'!
Da zdravstvuyet sozdanny voley narodov
Yediny, moguchy Sovetsky Soyuz!
CHORUS:
Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Druzhby narodov nadyozhny oplot!
Partiya Lenina — sila narodnaya
Nas k torzhestvu kommunizma vedyot!

2.

Skvoz' grozy siyalo nam solntse svobody,
I Lenin veliky nam put' ozaril,
Na pravoye delo on podnyal narody,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdokhnovil!
CHORUS

3.

V pobede bessmertnykh idey kommunizma
My vidim gryadushcheye nashey strany,
I krasnomu znameni slavnoy otchizny
My budem vsegda bezzavetno verny!
CHORUS

IPA transcriptionEdit

1.

Template:IPA|
Template:IPA
Template:IPA|
Template:IPA | Template:IPA | Template:IPA
CHORUS:
Template:IPA
Template:IPA
Template:IPA
Template:IPA

2.

Template:IPA|
Template:IPA|
Template:IPA|
Template:IPA
CHORUS

3.

Template:IPA
Template:IPA
Template:IPA
Template:IPA
CHORUS


English lyricsEdit

The official version of lyrics endorsed by CPSU:

1.

Unbreakable Union of freeborn Republics,
Great Russia has welded forever to stand.
Created in struggle by will of the people,
United and mighty, our Soviet land!
CHORUS:
Sing to the Motherland, home of the free,
Bulwark of peoples in brotherhood strong.
O Party of Lenin, the strength of the people,
To Communism's triumph lead us on!

2.

Through tempests the sunrays of freedom have cheered us,
Along the new path where great Lenin did lead.
To a righteous cause he raised up the peoples,
Inspired them to labour and valourous deed.
CHORUS

3.

In the victory of Communism's deathless ideal,
We see the future of our dear land.
And to her fluttering scarlet banner,
Selflessly true we always shall stand!
CHORUS

Literal translationEdit

1.

The unbreakable union of free republics
Joined forever the Great Russia
Long live the created by the will of peoples
United and mighty Soviet Union
CHORUS:
To Glory, free Fatherland
The stronghold of the friendship of peoples
Party of Lenin is the power of the people
It leads us to the triumph of Communism

2.

The Sun of freedom was shining through the storms
And the great Lenin lighted us the way
He raised peoples to the right cause
He inspired us for labour and for acts of heroism
CHORUS

3.

In the victory of the immortal ideas of Communism
We see the future of our country
To the Red flag of our glorious Fatherland
We shall always be selflessly loyal
CHORUS

1944 version Edit

The 1944 text had three different refrains following three different stanzas; in each refrain, the second line was consequently modified with references to friendship, then happiness and finally the glory. In 1977, these refrains were replaced by a uniform refrain following all stanzas.

Official lyrics of 1944 versionEdit

Russian Transliteration from Russian

Союз нерушимый республик свободных
Сплотила навеки Великая Русь.
Да здравствует созданный волей народов
Единый, могучий Советский Союз!

ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Дружбы народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

Сквозь грозы сияло нам солнце свободы,
И Ленин великий нам путь озарил:
Нас вырастил Сталин - на верность народу,
На труд и на подвиги нас вдохновил!

ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Счастья народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

Мы армию нашу растили в сраженьях.
Захватчиков подлых с дороги сметём!
Мы в битвах решаем судьбу поколений,
Мы к славе Отчизну свою поведём!

ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Славы народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

Soyuz nerushimy respublik svobodnykh
Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'!
Da zdravstvuyet sozdanny voley narodov
Yediny, moguchy Sovetsky Soyuz!

CHORUS:
Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Druzhby narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Znamya sovetskoye, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

Skvoz' grozy siyalo nam solntse svobody,
I Lenin veliky nam put' ozaril,
Nas vyrastil Stalin — na vernost' narodu,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdokhnovil!

CHORUS:
Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Schast'ya narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Znamya sovetskoye, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

My armiyu nashu rastili v srazhen'yakh,
Zakhvatchikov podlykh s dorogi smetyom!
My v bitvakh reshayem sud'bu pokoleniy,
My k slave Otchiznu svoyu povedyom!

CHORUS:
Slavsya Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Slavy narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Znamya sovetskoye, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

English lyrics of 1944 versionEdit

Translated by Paul Robeson:

United forever in friendship and labor,
Our mighty republics will ever endure.
The great Soviet Union will live through the ages.
The dream of the people their fortress secure.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.
Through days dark and stormy where Great Lenin led us
Our eyes saw the bright sun of freedom above
and Stalin our Leader with faith in the People,
Inspired us to build up the land that we love.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.
We fought for the future, destroyed the invader,
and brought to our homeland the Laurels of Fame.
Our glory will live in the memory of nations
and all generations will honour her name.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.

Another version:

Unbreakable Union of freeborn Republics
Great Russia has wielded forever to stand!
Created in struggle by will of the Peoples,
United and Mighty our Soviet Land!
CHORUS
Sing to our Motherland, Free and Undying,
Bulwark of Peoples in Brotherhood Strong!
Flag of the Soviets, Flag of the people,
From Victory to Victory lead us on!
Through tempests the shadows of freedom have cheered us,
Along the new path where great Lenin did lead,
Be true to the people, thus Stalin has reared us,
Inspired us to labor and Valorus Deed.
CHORUS
Sing to our Motherland, Free and Undying,
Bulwark of Peoples in Happiness Strong!
Flag of the Soviets, Flag of the people,
From Victory to Victory lead us on!
Our army grew up in the heat of grim battle,
Barbarian invaders we'll swiftly strike down.
In combat the fate of the future we'll settle,
Our country we'll lead to eternal renown!
CHORUS
Sing to our Motherland, Free and Undying,
Bulwark of Peoples in Bravery Strong!
Flag of the Soviets, Flag of the people,
From Victory to Victory lead us on!

Note: These versions of the Anthem are a poetic interpretation of the Russian lyrics rather than a word-by-word translation.'

1944 literal translationEdit

1.

The unbreakable union of free republics
Great Russia has welded forever;
Created by will of the peoples, long live
The united, mighty Soviet Union!
CHORUS:
Be renowned, our free Fatherland,
Reliable bulwark of the friendship of peoples!
Soviet flag, people's flag
Let it lead from victory to victory!

2.

Through tempests shined on us the sun of freedom,
And the great Lenin lit us the way.
Stalin brought us up -- on loyalty to the people,
He inspired us to labor and to heroism!
CHORUS:
Be renowned, our free Fatherland,
Reliable bulwark of the happiness of peoples!
Soviet flag, people's flag
Let it lead from victory to victory!

3.

We developed our army in battles,
We will sweep the vile aggressors from the way!
In battles we settle the fate of generations,
We will lead our Fatherland to glory!
CHORUS:
Be renowned, our free Fatherland,
Reliable bulwark of the glory of peoples!
Soviet flag, people's flag
Let it lead from victory to victory!

Anthem of the Bolshevik Party Edit

Official version Edit

Гимн партии большевиков

Russian Transliteration
Страны небывалой свободные дети,
Сегодня мы гордую песню поём
О партии самой могучей на свете,
О самом большом человеке своём.
ПРИПЕВ:
Славой овеяна, волею спаяна,
Крепни и здравствуй во веки веков
Партия Ленина, партия Сталина
Мудрая партия большевиков!
Страну от Кремля создала на земле ты
Могучую Родину вольных людей.
Стоит как утёс государство Советов,
Рожденное силой и правдой твоей.
ПРИПЕВ
Изменников подлых гнилую породу
Ты грозно сметаешь с пути своего.
Ты гордость народа, ты мудрость народа,
Ты сердце народа и совесть его.
ПРИПЕВ
И Маркса и Энгельса пламенный гений
Предвидел коммуны грядущий восход.
Дорогу к свободе наметил нам Ленин
И Сталин великий по ней нас ведёт.
ПРИПЕВ
Strany nebyvaloy svobodniye deti,
Segodnya my gorduyu pesnyu poyom
O partii samoy moguchey na svete,
O samom bol’shom cheloveke svoyom.
CHORUS:
Slavoy oveyana, voleyu spayana,
Krepni i zdravstvuy vo veki vekov
Partiya Lenina, partiya Stalina
Mudraya partiya bol’shevikov!
Stranu ot Kremlya sozdala na zemlye ty
Moguchuyu Rodinu vol’nykh lyudey.
Stoit kak utyos gosudarstvo Sovetov,
Rozhdennoye siloy i pravdoy tvoey.
CHORUS
Izmennikov podlykh gniluyu porodu
Ty grozno smetayesh’ s puti svoyego.
Ty gordost’ naroda, ty mudrost’ naroda,
Ty serdtse naroda i sovest’ ego.
CHORUS
I Marksa i Engel’sa plamennyi geniy
Predvidel kommuny gryadushchiy voskhod.
Dorogu k svobode nametil nam Lenin
I Stalin velikiy po ney nas vedyot.
CHORUS

Literal translation of 1938 version Edit

Free children of a state unprecedented [until now],
Today we sing our proud song
About the most powerful party in the country,
About our greatest man ever.
CHORUS
Surrounded with glory, soldered by [our] will,
Grow stronger and live for eternity
The party of Lenin, the party of Stalin
Wise party of Bolsheviks!
You have created a country on our land [starting] from the Kremlin,
The able Motherland of free people.
Our Soviet state stands as rock
Born by your power and truth.
CHORUS
Rotten breeds of lowly treachers
You wipe from our way with a formidable hand
You are the pride of the people, the wisdom of people,
the heart of the people and their conscience.
CHORUS
The sparking genius of Marx and Engels
Envisioned the future rise of the commune.
Lenin has outlined us the road to the freedom
And great Stalin is leading us through it.
CHORUS

National anthems of Russia and the Soviet UnionEdit

See also: National Anthems of the USSR and Union Republics

Popular cultureEdit

The anthem is featured prominently in the 1990 film The Hunt For Red October, with U.S. sonar operators on the USS Dallas hearing the Red October crew singing the anthem after the silent caterpillar drive had been engaged. The anthem can also be heard in instrumental form when Admiral Padorin is opening letters in his office.

The anthem without lyrics was featured in K-19: The Widowmaker.

In the 1984 film Red Dawn featuring Patrick Swayze and Charlie Sheen, the anthem can be heard playing during the scene where the family members of the Wolverines are executed, to which they start singing the anthem of the United States before they are shot.

The anthem was also featured in the film Rocky IV, right before the climactic fight between Rocky Balboa and Ivan Drago in Moscow. Curiously, the lyrics used in the movie were from the previous (1944) version and since the movie was filmed and set in the eighties, this is an evident error.

In The Saint (film), Ivan Tretiak and other Russians sing the National Anthem of the Soviet Union.

In Lord of War, the anthem is briefly played during the scene where the Soviet Flag is lowered at a military compound in Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The anthem is also featured in the World War II epic about the Battle of Stalingrad, Enemy at the Gates. However, the lyrics used are from the 1977 version, and, since the movie was set in 1942, any form of the anthem used is in error as The Internationale was still the Soviet national anthem.

MediaEdit

Template:Multi-listen start Template:Multi-listen item Template:Multi-listen item Template:Multi-listen item Template:Multi-listen end

External linksEdit

Template:Anthems of the Soviet RepublicsTemplate:Link FA

be:Гімн Савецкага Саюзу ca:Himne de la Unió Soviètica de:Gimn Sowjetskowo Sojusa et:Nõukogude Liidu hümn el:Ύμνος Σοβιετικής Ένωσης es:Himno de la Unión Soviética fr:Hymne de l'Union soviétique id:Gimn Sovetskogo Soyuza he:המנון ברית המועצות la:Hymnus Unionis Sovieticae lt:Tarybų Sąjungos himnas hu:Szovjet himnusz nl:Gimn Sovjetskogo Sojoeza ja:ソビエト連邦の国歌 no:Hymne til Sovjetunionen pl:Hymn ZSRR pt:Hino da União Soviética ru:История гимна России sl:Himna Sovjetske zveze fi:Neuvostoliiton hymni sv:Hymn till Sovjetunionen th:เพลงชาติสหภาพโซเวียต vi:Gimn Sovetskogo Soyuza uk:Гімн СРСР zh:牢不可破的联盟

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.