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Part of the Politics series on
Communism

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Marxism · Leninism
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Socialism
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Communist symbolism usually incorporates symbols representing the industrial workers and/or the peasants of a country.

Usually these symbols, along with a pentangle representing either the five inhabited continents or the five components of communist society (the peasants, the workers, the army, the intellectuals, and the youth), appear in yellow on a red background representing revolution. The Flag of the Soviet Union incorporated a yellow-outlined red star and a yellow hammer and sickle on red. The flags of Vietnam, China, Angola, and Mozambique would all incorporate similar symbolism under communist rule. The hammer and sickle have become the pan-communist symbol, appearing on the flags of most communist parties around the world. However, the flag of the Korean Workers' Party includes a hammer representing industrial workers, a hoe representing agricultural workers, and a brush (traditional writing-implement) representing the intelligentsia.

Red flagEdit

DescriptionEdit

The red flag of the communist movement symbolizes the blood of martyred working-class leaders. Red flags are often seen in combination with other communist symbols and party names. The flag is used at various communist and socialist rallies like May Day. The flag is also commonly associated with socialism.

HistoryEdit

The red flag has had multiple meanings in history but it was first used as a flag of defiance. The red flag gained its modern political meaning in the 1848 French Revolution. After the October Revolution, the soviet government adopted the red flag with a superimposed hammer and sickle as its national flag. Since the October Revolution, various socialist states and movements have used the red flag.

Hammer and sickleEdit

DescriptionEdit

File:Hammer and sickle.svg
The hammer and sickle is another symbol of the communist movement. The hammer stands for the industrial working class while the sickle represents the agricultural workers; together the hammer and sickle represents the unity of these two groups.

HistoryEdit

The hammer and sickle was first used during the Russian Revolution but it did not become the official symbol of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic until 1924. Since the Russian Revolution, the hammer and sickle has come to represent various communist parties and socialist states.

Communist heraldryEdit

Communist heraldry, as seen in the official state emblems and provincial emblems of Communist-led countries, tends to use motifs of red stars, rising suns, cogwheels, and electricity transmission towers — and above all semi-circular sheafs of grain enclosing the whole emblem. The state emblem of the Pol Pot regime, Democratic Kampuchea, showed a rigid rectangular grid of rice paddies, with a factory belching smoke from its smokestacks in the background.

See alsoEdit

Template:European communist partiescs:Komunistická symbolika fi:Kommunistiset symbolit tr:Komünist sembolizm

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